Egyptian authorities have hailed an “important discovery” after archaeologists unearthed several mummies, 10 colourful wooden sarcophagi and more than 1,000 funerary statues in a 3,500-year-old tomb near the city of Luxor. “There are 10 coffins and eight mummies. The excavation is ongoing,” Mostafa Waziri, the head of the archeological mission, told the AFP news agency.
The 18th Dynasty tomb, discovered in the Draa Abul Nagaa necropolis near the famed Valley of the Kings, belonged to a nobleman named Userhat who worked as the city judge, Egypt’s antiquities ministry said in a statement on Tuesday. Ushabti figurines were often placed with the deceased in ancient Egyptian tombs to help with responsibilities in the afterlife.
The tomb was opened to add more mummies during the 21st Dynasty, about 3,000 years ago, to protect them during a period when tomb-robbing was common, Waziri said at the site.
“It was a surprise how much was being displayed inside” the tomb, Antiquities Minister Khaled el-Enany told reporters outside the tomb. “We found a large number of Ushabti (small carved figurines), more than 1,000 of them,” Enany said. “This is an important discovery.”
Inside the tomb, archaeologists wearing white masks and latex gloves inspected the sarcophagi, which were covered with intricate drawings in red, blue, black, green, and yellow – and featured the carved faces of the dead. The coffins were mainly well-preserved, though some had deteriorated and broken over the years.
Archeologists were also examining a mummy wrapped in linen which was inside one of the coffins. White, orange, green, and patterned pots were also found in the tombs. “It is a T-shaped tomb (which) consists of an open court leading into a rectangular hall, a corridor and an inner chamber,” the ministry said in a statement.
A nine-metre shaft inside the tomb held the Ushabti figurines, as well as “wooden masks and a handle of a sarcophagus lid”, the ministry said.
Another room in the tomb was also discovered, though it has not yet been completely excavated, it said.